Art of glorious porta

 Spiked helmet of Prince Feodor Ivanovich Mstislavsky. Turkey. 16thC. Steel,  gold, rubies, turquoise. Smithery, coinage, golden inlays, carving

On December 17, a Single-Pillar Chamber of the Moscow Kremlin will open the exhibition Art of Glorious Time. The Kremlin collection of unique works of masters of Ottoman Empire – Glorious Porta as it was named by the Europeans in the 17th century, – in its structure and origin considerably differs from collections of Turkish art of other museums of the world. The collection includes the monuments executed in 16th–17th centuries, a period of constant diplomatic and trading contacts between Russian State and Ottoman Empire. These works were bought by Turkish and Greek merchants or imported to Moscow as diplomatic gifts of Turkish sultans for Russian autocrats. For many centuries and up to date these monuments remain in the museums of the Moscow Kremlin. The exhibition represents the best items. It is the first exhibition devoted to unique Kremlin collection of Turkish art for the whole history of the museum.

The exhibition represents magnificent items of protective and fighting Turkish equipment: different kind helmets and armour, swords, sabres, broadsword, short and long spears, maces, axes, caulking hammers and fighting hammers. Frames and elements of cold arms were decorated with stamping flower patterns supplemented with various overlays and precious stones. The horse decoration was very popular in Turkey. Ceremonial saddles were decorated with silver or upholstered with gold fabrics and velvet. The gold harness embellished with rubies is among masterpieces of Ottoman art. In 1652 the Greek merchant Dmitry Astafyev brought it to Moscow.

The collection of Turkish fabrics is exclusively various in its structure and safety. Among unique items are the remained fragments of internal upholstery of unique shrine of tsesarevitch Dmitry in Arkhangelsk Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin. They are executed from golden fabrics. Another highlight is the effective house caftan of patriarch Nikon. It is executed from green goldish atlas with bold pattern of flowers of hyacinth and carnation. The dalmatic of the 16th century in all its beauty after the restoration is represented to visitors. It belonged to metropolitan Dionisy. It was executed from goldish atlas.

In the 16th–17th centuries Turkish silver works and jewelry was at its height. Gold cuff links decorated with jewels was a special area of Turkish and first of all Istanbul jewelers. They were made in different sizes and the most fanciful forms – in a form of flowers of tulip and carnation, fruits of a pomegranate, various leaves and buds, multibeams stars. The exhibition also represents a number of golden cuff links which belonged to Tsar Ivan Alekseevich. According to special orders of the Moscow court yard in the middle of the 17th century a number of precious objects which were a part of the state regalia were executed in Istanbul. Among them are the precious quiver, orb and warder of Tsar Alexey Mihaylovich.

The exhibition of works of Turkish art of the 16th–17th centuries gives an opportunity not only to see unique monuments but also to open one of the most brilliant pages of the history of Turkey.

The exhibition will be opened till March, 15.

Published in: on January 16, 2009 at 9:04 am  Leave a Comment  
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